NEWER developments of current interest in the literature during the past year dealt principally with the esophagus, particularly varices and strictures. Physiologic data on esophageal motility and pressure measurements in dilated veins were studied extensively. The management of esophageal strictures received considerable attention, and while the role of cortisone in acute burns was investigated, the question of its usefulness is still unsettled.
Rios-Solans1 could demonstrate no clearly defined anatomical sphincter at the lower end of the esophagus, and the squamous lining was found to end in an irregular curve, and not in a ring. This does not exclude a broad but weak contractile mechanism in the lower part of the esophagus. In an unselected series of adults examined at necropsy, patency of the hiatus was demonstrated in 26%. This finding was interpreted as evidence of a potential hiatus hernia. The patency was always found at the anterior and left lateral part of
PUTNEY FJ. BRONCHOESOPHAGOLOGY: Summaries of the Bibliographic Material Available in the Field of Otolaryngology. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1955;61(3):333–365. doi:10.1001/archotol.1955.00720020348008
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