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August 1955

Stapes Mobilization in Otosclerosis: Primary Results and a Review of Sixty-Three Cases

Author Affiliations

Helsinki, Finland
From the Oto-Laryngological Clinic, University of Helsinki (Head Professor, Y. Meurman).

AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1955;62(2):164-172. doi:10.1001/archotol.1955.03830020046010

INTRODUCTION  During the last seven or eight decades great advances have been made in the surgery of otosclerosis. In the light of its most recent phase—stapes mobilization—it is of interest to recall that the earliest attempts to correct the hearing loss due to this disease were also aimed at remobilization of an ankylosed ossicular chain.

Historical Review  Kessel (1876) suggested mobilization in ankylosis of the stapes even before the actual nature of otosclerosis was known—at a time when the disease was considered a kind of dry sclerosis of the middle-ear mucosa. Michel's* report dealing with mobilization of the stapes dates from the same year. Boucheron † (1888) separated the incus and the stapes from each other and then tried with a special hook to render the latter mobile in the oval window. In some cases he obtained good results in the incipient stages of the disease. Miot ‡ (1890) obtained

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