The rapid progress of thoracic surgery in recent years, especially the development of the segmental resection technique, has increased the problems of the bronchoscopist working as part of the thoracic team. Two main problems have made themselves evident, and the catheters and techniques herein presented have been developed to aid the bronchoscopist to satisfy the requirements of his contemporary in thoracic surgery.
The first problem is that of bronchograms when modern-day surgery demands a unilateral film or even a so-called spot bronchogram of one particular segment.
The second problem is that of obtaining suitable material for cytological study when that obtained at bronchoscopy may be unsatisfactory. The catheters make it possible to obtain specimens from the segment of the lesion without repeating the bronchoscopy, yet free of mouth contamination.
It is also possible to break up mucus plugs in the atelectatic patient under fluoroscopic guidance, even in the absence of
EMERSON EB. SPECIAL INTRABRONCHIAL CATHETERS. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1955;62(2):223–224. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archotol.1955.03830020105021
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