GUILD first described a carotid-bodylike structure which is found above the jugular bulb. This structure is associated with the tympanic branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the tympanic branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery. The function of this organ is not known, but presumably it functions similarly to the carotid body and is an organ sensitive to the degree of oxygen saturation of the arterial blood.
In 1945 Rosenwasser first described a tumor of this structure. Following his description there have been some 40 to 50 case reports of glomus jugularis tumors. Winship and associates reported 11 cases, 7 of which were benign and 4 malignant. Winship and Louzan reviewed the literature in 1951 and reported a case of their own. They reviewed 42 cases of glomus jugularis tumors in the literature and reported that the incidence of the disease is 80% in females, with a mortality rate of 34%.
DAVOL RT. GLOMUS JUGULARIS TUMOR OF THE MIDDLE EAR: Report of an Early Case. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1955;62(4):436–437. doi:10.1001/archotol.1955.03830040090017
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