In 1861 Prosper Ménière1 described a hitherto unrecognized symptom complex characterized by tinnitus, loss of hearing, and vertigo, the latter associated with nausea and sometimes with vomiting and followed by a syncopal attack with cold clammy sweat and weakness. His purpose was to separate this group of patients from the mass of dizzy or vertiginous patients who at that time were lumped together as having "apoplectiform cerebral convulsion."
Unfortunately, Ménière died the year after he described this symptom complex, and his medical descendants soon lost sight of his purpose and reevoked the old confusion by combining all types of vertigo, dizziness, and incoordination under the term "Ménière's symptom complex." However, as Crowe2 pointed out, the symptoms of Ménière's disease are so invariable that they must originate from a single definite cause and the disturbance, therefore, warrants the use of the term "disease."
The important role that Ménière ascribed
WILLIAMS HL. The Medical Treatment of Ménière's Disease. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1955;62(6):573–578. doi:10.1001/archotol.1955.03830060005002
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