The progress that has taken place in esophagology has been due to several factors. There is a better understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the esophagus. New instruments have been invented. Anesthesiology has progressed, with great benefit to the esophagologist and thoracic surgeon. Improved local and general anesthetic agents are available. The development of chemotherapy and antibiotic therapy has been an important factor in the management of infections associated with endoscopic or surgical procedures on the esophagus. There has been a combined effort by the esophagologist, gastroenterologist, radiologist, and thoracic surgeon to solve the problems of patients who have disease of the esophagus.
In this paper the factors which are thought to represent progress in esophagology in the last decade are discussed. The scope of the subject is so vast that, in many instances, important material can only be mentioned without going into detail.
One of the pleasures
BAKER DC, FLOOD CA. Progress in Esophagology. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1955;62(6):614–619. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archotol.1955.03830060046011
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