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February 1956

Speech and Voice Training of the Deaf: Report on Some Techniques and Experiments

Author Affiliations
New YorkFrom the Speech Clinic of the Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital.
AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1956;63(2):183-195. doi:10.1001/archotol.1956.03830080069013

A HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION  It was no less a man than Aristotle who with his pronouncement that those who are born deaf are also senseless and incapable of reason1 did a tremendous and lasting disservice to the deaf. Aristotle also implied that the deaf could not possibly be taught to speak because their tongues were tied. For the next 2000 years, Christendom was to "live and die in Aristotle's work,"2 and his science, or at least a smattering of it, became known over the whole civilized world. Thus, no educated man would waste his time and energy in attempting to educate the deaf, an impossibility acknowledged by all authorities. Incapable of instruction,* uncomprehending and incomprehensible, they were regarded as being on the same level as the brutes with whom they were classed for centuries.Aristotle's authority decreed even the terminology of the language. One has only to look at