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October 1956

Myoepithelial Hamartoma of Tongue

Author Affiliations

U. S. A. F.

AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1956;64(4):289-290. doi:10.1001/archotol.1956.03830160037006

A hamartoma is a tumor-like malformation in which the various tissues of a part are present in improper proportions or distribution with prominent excess of one particular tissue. The term "hamartoma" was designated by Albrecht (1904). Such tumor-like malformations include most angiomas, benign pigmented moles, most of the neurofibromatous masses of von Recklinghausen's disease, and the cartilage-capped multiple exostoses. Since the literature contains a fair degree of discussion on the vascular hamartomata, one must not conclude that the two words "vascular" and "hamartoma" are interchangeable or that all hamartomata are vascular in origin. As the definition of hamartoma denotes, there must be a "prominent excess of one particular tissue," whatever type of tissue it be.

The literature has been scrutinized most carefully in the search for a hamartoma of the tongue other than the vascular type. There are numerous excellent discussions and case reports of the vascular hamartomata, but no

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