An increasing attention to the problem of conservation of hearing marks a large number of the articles for 1956. Papers on tympanoplasty are an indication of the awareness of the importance of this problem.
Kobrak1 (Detroit) stated that in the past when the inflammatory phase had burned out, the treatment of conduction lesions was neglected by otologists. The recent interest in tympanoplasty has revived interest in the differential diagnosis of conduction-hearing impairments. He showed photographs of two very badly scarred ear drums, one being that of a patient who heard amazingly well. "It is evident... that the otologist cannot predict the hearing loss created by the tympanal pathology.... Our ignorance of simple fundamental aspects of conduction lesions is embarrassing and hinders surgical development." He therefore suggests that we study each case in the following manner: first, by closing the perforation with a piece of latex rubber (better than
B. R. DYSART. Otitis Media and ComplicationsSummaries of the Bibliographic Material Available for 1956. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1958;67(1):102–115. doi:10.1001/archotol.1958.00730010106023