Recently we had under our care at Saint Luke's Hospital a case of chemodectoma of the trachea. Because of the rarity of the condition, we felt that a presentation of this case might be of particular interest.
References to tumors of this type are quite infrequent. The existence of the chemoreceptors was first noted in 1743 by von Haller, who described a soft, ovoid, or irregular, tough, pale tan structure on the medial wall of the common carotid at its bifurcation, and gave it the name "ganglion minutum." This is the structure we now know as the carotid body. The first notation of a tumor of this structure was made by Marchand in 1891.
In the mediastinum a number of chemoreceptor bodies have been described in relation to the arch of the aorta, the ductus arteriosus, and the roots of the great vessels, the first observations being those of Biedl
McCALL JW, KARAM FK. Chemodectoma of the Trachea. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1958;67(3):372–373. doi:10.1001/archotol.1958.00730010380016
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