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Original Articles
May 1958

Tonsillitis and Rheumatic Fever

Author Affiliations

Whittier, Calif.
From the Los Angeles County General Hospital and the Department of Otolaryngology of the University of Southern California School of Medicine.

AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1958;67(5):569-576. doi:10.1001/archotol.1958.00730010583014

Through the courtesy of the Los Angeles County General Hospital a series of cases of rheumatic fever is reported here. These cases are the admissions for acute rheumatic fever for a two-year period during the fiscal years of 1954-1955 and 1955-1956. There were 97 patients admitted for this disease during the period, and the records of 87 of these patients were available for review. An analysis of these 87 records is presented here with particular reference to history of preceding respiratory infection, throat culture, and tonsillectomy.

Acute arthritis is a disease that has been known for centuries and it is reported to have been described by Hippocrates. The term rheumatism as a description for acute polyarthritis was first used in the 17th century by Guilloume de Baillon, and in 1676 Sydenham published a clinical description differentiating acute arthritis from gout. In 1788 David Pitcairn in a lecture at St. Bartholomew's