The mechanism of surgical mobilization of the ankylosed stapes for the relief of otosclerotic deafness has in the last few years become one of the most widely discussed problems in otology. Although very worth-while results have so far been achieved with various operative maneuvers, none of them is completely satisfactory, and therefore the attempts at improving the surgical techniques as well as theories concerning the mechanism continue to develop.The opinions of different authors about the best approach to the problem vary greatly. As stated repeatedly before, it is the conviction of the group doing mobilization surgery at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York that mobilization through the otosclerotic focus itself is not likely to be lasting except in rare instances. The best chance to be successful permanently or at least over a prolonged period of time should in our opinion exist if through the intervention the part of
ALTMANN F, BASEK M. Experimental Fractures of the Stapes in Rabbits: Histopathological Studies. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1958;68(2):173–193. doi:10.1001/archotol.1958.00730020181008
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