The material in this article represents excerpts from the literature from October, 1957, to December, 1958.* There are also a few abstracts of articles in the foreign literature previous to this time which were not available for the review last year.
Rubin1 emphasizes the importance of utilizing basic tuning-fork tests, which include the Weber, Schwabach, and Rinne tests. An understanding of these tests, the simple pure-tone and speech tests, and accurate observation will enable the average otolaryngologist to evaluate adequately the majority of hearing problems without outside help. This can be easily accomplished with tuning forks and any commercial audiometer. The PB words score, or discrimination score, is the most important test, with word lists which give a most accurate estimation of the patient's understanding ability. This score can be used as a check of the accuracy of the bone-conduction score. Testing for speech is of the
LESHIN N, SHAPIRO SL, SATZ LA. Functional Examination of Hearing: Summaries of the Bibliographic Material Available 1957-1958. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1959;70(4):512–534. doi:10.1001/archotol.1959.00730040522017
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