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Moderator Shambaugh: We are going to run our round table in an informal manner, and to start the ball rolling, I am going to call on Dr. Lawrence. I would like him to tell us if he has any clues as to how we are going to preoperatively diagnose a round window closure. It seems as though there must be some type of tests—hearing tests or other tests—which could be done to help us diagnose these cases ahead of time. As far as I know—and Bill House made this statement in his talk—until now, we have no way of knowing whether a patient has a round window closure, an oval window closure, or closure of both windows. Would you like to start the discussion with a comment?
Dr. Lawrence: I am afraid I am not going to have too much to offer in answer to this question. Apparently, the obvious
SHAMBAUGH GE, COMPERE WE, GUILFORD FR, HOUSE WF, LAWRENCE M. Applied Physiology of the Middle Ear. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1960;71(2):172–181. doi:10.1001/archotol.1960.03770020044009
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