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February 1960

Stapes Mobilization in Europe

Author Affiliations

Würzberg, Germany

AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1960;71(2):232-238. doi:10.1001/archotol.1960.03770020104015

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At this time, I have been asked to mention a few things about otosclerosis surgery in Europe. Before beginning my formal lectures, let me mention a few interesting historical facts about Würzburg, the University from which I come.

These pictures were made for my lecture in London. Figure 1 shows the title page of the first paper of Corti, published in 1851 when he worked with the anatomist Kölliker in Würzburg. He was a young man, working in Würzburg, coming from Italy and Vienna, but returned to his home country and left all scientific work—going back to his father's farm because he had arthritis of his fingers and could not work any more.

Figure 2* shows the first perforated head mirror. This one was not used by von Tröltsch; it was used still earlier, in 1841, and is the first one with a perforation. You know, there were some mirrors

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