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September 1960

Word Familiarity as a Factor in Testing Discrimination of Hard-of-Hearing Subjects

Author Affiliations

Columbus, Ohio

Arch Otolaryngol. 1960;72(3):351-355. doi:10.1001/archotol.1960.00740010359011

I. Introduction  The present study is an extension of an earlier research1 carried out by us that dealt with responses of acoustically handicapped persons to the C.I.D. Auditory Test W-22. The results of the first portion of this continuing study were mainly concerned with the differences in response that existed between two groups of auditorally handicapped, i.e., "conductive" and "other than conductive," in relation to the phonetic composition of the PB words and the phonetic composition of the erroneous responses. In general, the conclusions which were made were as follows:

  1. Sound substitutions occur more frequently in the discrimination task than do omissions and insertions.

  2. Confusions within groups of consonants are very similar for both hearing-loss categories except for nasals and blends. It appears that somewhat less confusion in the nonconductive group occurs on blends, whereas somewhat more confusion occurs on the nasals.

  3. The PB words containing