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October 1964

Direct Stimulation of Auditory Nerve Fibers

Arch Otolaryngol. 1964;80(4):367-368. doi:10.1001/archotol.1964.00750040379002

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The article "Electrical Stimulation of the Eighth Cranial Nerve" appearing in this issue is published because it describes a procedure designed to produce hearing in cases of total organ of Corti degeneration; a procedure which has actually been carried out on two patients. We believe that by having this report available the reader may judge for himself whether or not the operation and appliance described here have a future. However, not only does the report itself have some inadequacies but, also, the reader, along with the authors, may not be familiar with certain physiological facts pertinent to the success of this procedure, so it seems appropriate briefly to review some of these here.

Many experiments were performed on this electrophonic effect during a period of time 20 to 25 years ago using observers with normal and with deafened ears. Two very definite conclusions were reached: when the auditory nerve is

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