SINCE the description of a modified occipitofrontal projection by Waters and Waldron in 1915,1 the projection, now widely known as "Waters' view" or "occipitomental view," has become one of the standard views for the evaluation of facial bone injuries. It affords an excellent opportunity to study fractures of the maxilla, maxillary sinuses, orbits, zygomatic bones and arches, and nasal bones.2 Since these structures are frequently involved in fracture dislocation of the zygoma, and the zygomatic bone is best outlined in this view, the Waters' view is generally considered the best single view for the study of fracture dislocation of the zygoma.2-7 Knight classifies fractures of the zygoma on the basis of the anatomy of the fracture as shown in this view.8 Many excellent texts on radiology and maxillofacial injuries demonstrate fracture dislocation of the zygoma in the Waters' view.2,4,5,9-13
However, we have recently experienced several
YANAGISAWA E, MERRELL RA, MYERSON M. X-Ray Diagnosis of Posterior Displacement of Zygoma: Value of Submentovertical Base View. Arch Otolaryngol. 1965;82(3):275–280. doi:10.1001/archotol.1965.00760010277011
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: