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January 1966

Current Status of Silicones in Plastic Surgery

Author Affiliations

From the Dow Corning Center for Aid to Medical Research, Midland, Mich 48641.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1966;83(1):59-63. doi:10.1001/archotol.1966.00760020061020

SILICONES are increasingly being used for various applications in plastic surgery. These interesting materials make up a large family of polymers whose chemical structure is based on recurring units of silicon and oxygen atoms. Organic groups are attached to each unit. Because of the inorganic nature of their backbone, the silicones have the nonreactivity of quartz; their organic portions endow them with the ability to be readily fabricated. The chemical nature of the silicones is quite distinct from that of most of the common plastics which are based on chains of carbon atoms.

The Medical Silicones  There are a great many silicone stocks available, but the overwhelming number of them are of industrial grade. They have no history of having been implanted in the body, and, indeed, certain of them would be detrimental were this to occur. The medical grade silicones are made in a special building where great pains