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LARYNGOLOGY may be said to have begun in 1858 when Czermak of Budapest, having borrowed some of Türck's mirrors, examined the interior of patients' larynxes with ease and precision by using artificial light reflected from a perforated mirror. Türck, in Vienna, like his predecessors, had used only sunlight, without notable success, in examining the larynxes of people with maladies of the throat. Czermak and Türck waged wordy warfare for many years on the question of priority, and neither of them gave much thought or credit to Manuel Garcia who had systematically demonstrated the action of the larynx on himself and his singing pupils by means of similar mirrors in 1854.
It so happened that Morell Mackenzie had completed his medical studies at the London Hospital and qualified in 1858. He set out in that year for a tour of the main medical centers in Europe, toward the end of which
Sir Morell Mackenzie. Arch Otolaryngol. 1966;83(2):176–181. doi:10.1001/archotol.1966.00760020178021
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