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April 1966

Vestibulospinal Reflexes: IX. Alterations in the Stepping Test During Alcohol Intoxication

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, University Hospital, Copenhagen.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1966;83(4):332-334. doi:10.1001/archotol.1966.00760020334008

FLUORENS, in 1824,1 was the first to describe alcohol intoxication in animals. Later, Joffroy and Serveaux (1897)2 gave a detailed description of the clinical picture in the rabbit and dog.

However, it was not until 1911 and 1913 that Bárány3 and Bárány and Rothfeld4 performed experimental studies on man after the intake of alcohol in order to elucidate its influence upon the vestibular apparatus. Their most important finding was positional nystagmus.

Miles (1924)5 investigated various motor functions after administration of alcohol. He recorded ataxia by a special apparatus, the ataximeter, and the subjects' swaying was directly traced graphically.

Goldberg (1943),6 in systematic investigations before and after the intake of alcohol, demonstrated significant changes in the motor, sensory, and mental functions of man. In this connection it may be mentioned as a factor of particular interest that filming of the subjects doing the Romberg test