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Article
April 1966

Mastoid Pneumatization in Chronic Otitis Media

Author Affiliations

CRACOW, POLAND
From the Otolaryngological Clinic, Medical Academy, Cracow, Poland.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1966;83(4):343-346. doi:10.1001/archotol.1966.00760020345011
Abstract

THE PROBLEM of pneumatization of the mastoid process in chronic otitis media has assumed new importance in connection with the development of operative methods of improving hearing. The classic theory of Wittmaack1 and his school, according to which inhibited pneumatization of the air cells of the mastoid process or its sclerotization is a sequel of otitis media in inflancy, has had to be modified in the light of later observations. Albrecht2 and Schwarz3 were of the opinion that pneumatization of the air cells of the mastoid process is inhibited only in cases of constitutionally weak mucous membrane. In the current discussion on the problem of pneumatization of the mastoid process, Tumarkin4-6 represents the standpoint of the school of Wittmaack, while Diamant7,8 adduces evidence that the extent of the air cell system of the mastoid process is a hereditary characteristic which does not change after birth.

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