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To support the author's contention that ozena is a manifestation of an iron deficiency state, both clinical and experimental evidence is used with special attention given to histological studies. The author states that ozena is part of a generalized disease and paints a very graphic picture of the entire condition.
This monograph contains a careful review of past and present etiological theories and has a comprehensive bibliography. This is an easily read script on a difficult subject stressing one factor which may be both treatable and preventable.
McGRAIL JS. Ozaena: A Manifestation of Iron Deficiency. Arch Otolaryngol. 1966;83(5):502. doi:10.1001/archotol.1966.00760020504027
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