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February 1967

Rhinoscleroma: A Case Report

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, Southwestern Medical School of the University of Texas, Dallas.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1967;85(2):223-225. doi:10.1001/archotol.1967.00760040225019

THERE have been less than 50 cases of rhinoscleroma diagnosed and reported in the United States to date. The disease is endemic in parts of Latin America, and with the increase in immigration to this country, there should be an awareness of its existence. An infectious disease of the respiratory tract starting principally in the nose, it occurs for the most part in a population in which poor nutrition and hygiene are present.1,2 Most writers emphasize the chronicity of the disease although a few report a rapid cure of a single case which perhaps actually represented a remission. A more somber report, but one very likely relating the true perspective of the disease, stated that untreated or inadequately treated, the patient will eventually die of his disease.4 These same writers compare rhinoscleroma with cancer but this comparison can only relate to the inexorable rather than the time factor.

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