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January 1968

Head Colds and Viral Cochleitis

Author Affiliations

From the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1968;87(1):56-59. doi:10.1001/archotol.1968.00760060058011

THE OBJECT of this report is to demonstrate the close relationship between certain upper respiratory infections of probable viral origin and sudden high frequency inner ear deafness in either one or both ears. Five cases have been selected as representative of many similar ones encountered in clinical practice that justify a diagnosis of viral cochleitis.

No diagnostic virological studies were done on these cases in the acute stage, but the symptoms strongly pointed to rhinovirus infection. Clinically some of these cases suggested myxovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and adenovirus infection. The virological studies conducted on some cases after the acute stages revealed no observable virus in antibody test for any known upper respiratory illness.

Report of Cases  Case 1.—A 34-year-old audiologist daily checked the loudness calibration of his audiometers using his own hearing thresholds and obtained a level of − 10 or − 5 db at all test frequencies. During a

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