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Article
July 1968

Employment of Tantalum in Reconstructive Intracanal Surgery of the Facial Nerve

Author Affiliations

Candidate of Medical Sciences, Moscow
From the Clinic of Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat (Dir. Active Member of the AMN [Acad. Med. Sci.]-USSR, Prof. B. S. Preobrazhenskii) Medical Faculty II of the Medical Institute (N. I. Pirogova).

Arch Otolaryngol. 1968;88(1):104-109. doi:10.1001/archotol.1968.00770010106024
Abstract

IN THE presence of a defect of the facial nerve more than 2 cm in length, bringing together such disparate ends of the nerve is generally unsuccessful. Substitution of the missing part by a free nerve transplant presents great difficulties, which increase still more in connection with the ensuing degeneration of nervous tissue. The free transplantation of a nerve presents another unfavorable feature in the significant length of time between the moment of the operation and the appearance of the first signs of restoration of the muscles innervated by the facial nerve. According to the data of Tickle1 (1938), this is not less than eight months, according to Morris,2 (1939) it is 6 to 12 months, according to Kettel3 (1954), 4 to 12 months.

Since 1962, experimental studies on the substitution of the diastasis of the nerve with tantalum conductors in dogs have been carried out by

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