IN THE November 1968 Illinois Medical Journal, Dr. Daniel J. Pachman1 notes that while deaths from most contagious diseases have markedly declined among children, other health problems have arisen. Accidents are now the foremost cause of death between 1 and 15 years of age, and have actually been on the increase since 1960. Drug addiction has risen sharply in the teen-ager during the past ten years, while gonorrhea has increased over 50%, and syphilis has quadrupled in this age group. Cancer has now become the second most frequent cause of death in young children, the majority being of the leukemia-lymphoma group, and tumors of the brain and spinal cord.
While cancer of the lung rarely causes death in childhood, its increase in adults has been spectacular, so that it now exceeds all other cancers, and is second only to diseases of the heart and blood vessels as a cause
SHAMBAUGH GE. Smoking in Children. Arch Otolaryngol. 1969;89(3):445–446. doi:10.1001/archotol.1969.00770020447003
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