WALTER C. Alvarez,1 former chief of medicine at the Mayo Clinic and now Editor Emeritus of Modern Medicine, comments upon the long-term effects of Wars on Poverty, and the generous giving of alms or other unearned support to the poor. Today when politicians are telling us that only millions of dollars are needed to wipe out slums and eliminate, forever, poverty, physicians who understand the laws of heredity should be reminded of the Jukes.
In 1877 Robert H. Dugdale, at the request of the New York Prison Association, made a study of some 1,200 undesirables, all descended from a certain Max Juke. Many of these lived in shanties, few had much education or a trade, many were petty criminals or alcoholics, and half the women were prostitutes. Only a few were capable of continuous occupation and many had no occupation. In 1915 A. H. Estabrook studied some 700 of
Breeding of the Unfit. Arch Otolaryngol. 1969;90(2):120–121. doi:10.1001/archotol.1969.00770030122003
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