THE HISTORY of science during the 19th century is dominated by the great name of Pasteur and his contributions. Gradually as time recedes from the moment that his ideas were conceived, they astonish us more and more, for the scientific observations from which they arose have remained unimpeachable, while the resulting concepts have brought unsurpassed benefits to mankind.
Pasteur was born Dec 27, 1822, in the little town of Dôle in the Jura region of France (Fig 1). Admitted to the science section of the Normal Superior School, he presented his thesis on chemistry and physics, and then, at the age of 26, he published his well-known work on crystals. He was appointed assistant professor of chemistry in Strasburg in 1849, and then married the daughter of the President of the University, Marie Laurent. In 1857 he was elected Dean of the Faculty of Science of Lille (Fig 2), and,
Portmann G. Louis Pasteur (1822 to 1895). Arch Otolaryngol. 1969;90(6):800–812. doi:10.1001/archotol.1969.00770030802024
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