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UNDER THE auspices of the Japan Society of Facial Nerve Surgery, the Second International Symposium on Facial Nerve Surgery was held from Sept 27 through 30, 1970, in Osaka, Japan. Since the first International Symposium in Copenhagen in 1964, organized by Dr. Karsten Kettel, many important advances have been made in both the scientific and technical aspects of facial nerve surgery throughout the world. These advances were thoroughly reviewed and discussed in this second symposium. In order to better understand the current progressing research problems, the submitted papers were arranged under the following main titles; basic problems, diagnosis and examination, intratemporal and intracranial decompression and nerve grafting, traumatic facial palsy, facial spasm, extratemporal facial nerve surgery, and intratemporal facial nerve pathology. Presentation of 35 invited and ten free papers, and seven films provided up-to-date knowledge and techniques pertaining to each major subject, and stimulated frank, informative, and extensive discussion. The
MORIMOTO M. Second International Symposium on Facial Nerve Surgery. Arch Otolaryngol. 1972;95(4):299. doi:10.1001/archotol.1972.00770080493001
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