A patient with congenital fixation of the stapes by a bony bridge replacing the stapedius tendon is reported. After excision of the bridge the patient's hearing became normal.
Podoshin L, Fradis M, Zisman D. Congenital Anomalies of the Stapes. Arch Otolaryngol. 1972;96(3):254–255. doi:10.1001/archotol.1972.00770090376010
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