An experiment was designed to determine the frequency with which the stapes could be visualized radiographically. Ten human temporal bones were radiographically sectioned before and after stapedectomy using three routine views, and with lead-coated stapes replaced in the oval window. Five human temporal bones were radiographically sectioned before and after stapedectomy using the Guillen view, that is, with the tympanic cavity viewed through the orbit, and with the head tilted 15° to the side under investigation. The Guillen view proved to be superior for evaluating the foot-plate and superstructure of the stapes because it placed these structures in a favorable position for contact with the x-ray beam.
Babin RW, Hannafee WN, Ward PH. Anatomic and Radiographic Correlates in the Middle Ear. Arch Otolaryngol. 1975;101(8):474–477. doi:10.1001/archotol.1975.00780370016006
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