• Tracheostomies were performed on 47 children, using the flap technique. Thirteen patients (28%) died of their basic disease and two (4%) died of complications resulting from the tracheostomy. Decannulation was difficult in four patients, and there was one case each of bleeding, infection, and tracheocutaneous fistula. Thus, the primary complication rate was 19%, including the two deaths. Clinical reexamination with tracheography was made on 20 patients after a follow-up period varying from four to ten years (average, eight years). One small stenotic ring in the area of the distal end of the cannula site and two slight depressions in the tracheal forewall were found. According to these results, the flap technique, if properly performed, is safe also in children.
(Arch Otolaryngol 101:536-539, 1975)
Palva A, Jokinen K, Niemelä T. Tracheostomy in Children. Arch Otolaryngol. 1975;101(9):536–539. doi:10.1001/archotol.1975.00780380014003
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