• In a series of 1,188 mediastinoscopies, six re-mediastinoscopies (0.5%) were made. The indications for repeated mediastinal exploration can be made more lenient since the adhesions between the innominate artery and the trachea need not always be extensive; if they are, an alternative paratracheal route can be used. Caution should be used, keeping possible vascular complications in mind, but we believe that an earlier mediastinoscopy does not contraindicate a repeated procedure.
(Arch Otolaryngol 101:748-750, 1975)
Palva T, Palva A, Kärjä J. Re-mediastinoscopy. Arch Otolaryngol. 1975;101(12):748–750. doi:10.1001/archotol.1975.00780410040009
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