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April 1976

Audiotympanometric Findings in Myasthenia Gravis

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology and the Clinical Investigation Center, Naval Regional Medical Center, San Diego, Calif.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1976;102(4):211-213. doi:10.1001/archotol.1976.00780090053007

• Myasthenia gravis can be a difficult diagnostic and therapeutic problem. Our study on six patients consisted of pure-tone audiograms, tympanometry, and acoustic reflex tests. Positive findings in the myasthenia gravis patients prior to medication included hyperacusis and increase in the intensity of sound required to elicit an acoustic reflex. Following medication, the hyperacusis lessened and the intensity of sound required to elicit the acoustic reflex decreased.

During follow-up of two of the patients we encountered cholinergic (overdosage) crisis in one patient and myasthenic (underdosage) crisis in the other patient. Muscle weakness can be a common factor in both conditions. The acoustic reflex test can differentiate between the two types of crises. We believe audiotympanometric tests can aid in diagnosis and treatment of myasthenia gravis patients.

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