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April 1976

Malignant Melanoma of the Head and Neck in Children: Review of the Literature and Report of a Case

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology (Drs Shanon, Samuel, Rapoport, and Redianu) and the Institute of Oncology and Radioisotopes (Mrs Adler), Tel Aviv Medical Center and University of Tel Aviv Medical School, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1976;102(4):244-247. doi:10.1001/archotol.1976.00780090086015

• Perusal of the literature revealed that until 1970, 13 children with malignant melanoma of the head and neck had been reported. This group includes two cases of melanoma that developed in a giant cell nevus, as well as one case of congenital melanoma. The biologic features of prepubertal melanoma appear basically analogous to those of the adult variety.

Malignant melanoma of the auricle is described in a 2½-year-old child. Surgical therapy was given, and BCG vaccination was used as an adjuvant. The patient is alive and free of signs of the disease 2½ years following the operation.

This appears to be the third reported case of malignant melanoma of the external ear in a child.

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