• We examined the prevalence of hearing loss and/or middle ear disease among 34 children with cleft palates, using pure-tone audiometry, acoustic impedance, and pneumatic otoscopy. The overall incidence of hearing loss and otitic complications varied from 57% to 68%, depending on the procedure used. Of the three clinical procedures used in this study, pure-tone audiometry exhibited the poorest diagnostic efficiency. Close predictive agreement was found between impedance and otoscopy.
(Arch Otolaryngol 102:465-469, 1976)
Bess FH, Schwartz DM, Redfield NP. Audiometric, Impedance, and Otoscopic Findings in Children With Cleft Palates. Arch Otolaryngol. 1976;102(8):465–469. doi:10.1001/archotol.1976.00780130059005
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