• The term "ranula" is poorly understood and is frequently applied to a variety of cystic structures in the head and neck. Ranulas classically are cysts of salivary gland origin, usually the sublingual glands, of which two varieties are described: a simple, epithelial lined cyst resulting from ductal obstruction, and a pseudocyst without epithelial lining resulting from extravasation of saliva that dissects through the tissue planes of the neck and may appear as a neck mass. Four cases are presented that illustrate the difficulties in diagnosis; treatment consists of meticulous dissection of the thin-walled sac in continuity with the excision of the sublingual glands that are the origin of these lesions.
Quick CA, Lowell SH. Ranula and the Sublingual Salivary Glands. Arch Otolaryngol. 1977;103(7):397–400. doi:10.1001/archotol.1977.00780240055007
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