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February 1978

Ultrastructural Features of Spiral Ganglion Cells: A Study of Patients With Hearing Loss of Varying Origins

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Otolaryngology (Drs Ylikoski and Palva) and Pathology and Electron Microscopy (Dr Collan), University of Helsinki.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1978;104(2):84-88. doi:10.1001/archotol.1978.00790020026007

• Fresh specimens of the acoustic nerve that were obtained during vestibular neurectomy or acoustic neuroma removal were studied for structure of the spiral ganglion cells. These were large, round or oval cells with many cytoplasmic organelles and were surrounded by Schwann cells. Schwann cells formed a single layer or perikaryal sheath and the cells were thus unmyelinated. In one case the specimen contained part of the spiral ganglion, but in six others spiral ganglion cells were found outside of Rosenthal's canal, among the myelinated nerve fibers. In three cases the ear was deaf due to cochlear insult, but the nerve fibers and ganglion cells showed no retrograde degeneration. The neurophysiologic features of the cochlear nerve should be considered because unmyelinated ganglion cells may have a different conduction capacity in comparison with thickly myelinated cells.

(Arch Otolaryngol 104:84-88, 1978)

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