• Malleus fixation, in addition to stapes fixation, presents a perplexing surgical problem. Should the incus replacement prosthesis procedure be performed or only a stapedectomy? The hearing results of a stapedectomy alone in 45 cases with both stapes and malleus fixation are 70% within 10 dB and 84% within 20 dB of the preoperative bone conduction hearing level.
(Arch Otolaryngol 104:388-389, 1978)
Lippy WH, Schuring AG, Ziv M. Stapedectomy for Otosclerosis With Malleus Fixation. Arch Otolaryngol. 1978;104(7):388–389. doi:10.1001/archotol.1978.00790070026006
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