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August 1982

Interim Assessment of Candidates for Cochlear Implants

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, University of California, San Francisco (Dr Owens and Ms Kessler); and Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Stanford (Calif) University Medical School (Dr Schubert).

Arch Otolaryngol. 1982;108(8):478-483. doi:10.1001/archotol.1982.00790560016005

• The Minimal Auditory Capabilities battery was administered to patients with profound postlingual sensorineural hearing loss to obtain interim audiometric indices on the relative benefits of cochlear implants and hearing aids. One group used a cochlear implant comprising a multielectrode array and a single-channel stimulator, another group wore hearing aids, with only borderline satisfaction, and the third group wore hearing aids to good advantage. Scores for the latter group were consistently higher than for the implant or borderline groups. The implant group scored better than the borderline group on two prosodic tests, but the borderline group scored better on closed-set spondee and vowel recognition tests. Scores were essentially the same for the two groups on the remaining tests. Tentative criteria indices were applied to members of the borderline group in terms of the hearing improvement that might be anticipated from an implant.

(Arch Otolaryngol 1982;108:478-483)