There are two distinct types of research, and their ideal environments are not the same. There is basic research and clinical research. The preliminary material that we all received makes it clear to me that the primary concern of this conference on research goals and methods in otolaryngology is clinical research. That is proper because basic research is not defined or organized in terms of a small surgical specialty with arbitrary anatomic boundaries. Otolaryngology profits greatly from basic research, but this research is defined in terms of diseases of the major organ systems or of methods of study, ie, cancer, infection and immunity, tissue transplantation, radiology, biochemistry, and psychophysics. The obvious and unique problems that otolaryngology offers as targets for basic research are disorders of speech and hearing (shared with neurology), otosclerosis, and Meniere's disease. However, the problem of otosclerosis no longer has a high priority thanks to the development
Davis H. The Research Environment. Arch Otolaryngol. 1982;108(10):616–617. doi:10.1001/archotol.1982.00790580010004
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