The morning program has set the stage for what should be a meaningful conference on the research goals and methods appropriate to otolaryngology–head and neck surgery. The previous speakers have focused on our proud heritage, the requirements for a modern research environment, and the concerns of the practicing otolaryngologist and the basic scientist. I shall address the concerns of the clinical scientist. Several concerns come to mind; however, fundamental to all of them is the understanding that we must, as a medical discipline, actively and vigorously engage in the struggle over ideas. Ideas are our strongest weapons as we try to push aside the frontiers of continuing ignorance about structure, function, treatment, or prevention of clinical diseases or disorders that afflict our patients and mankind. In this regard, I am reminded of a remark attributed to the late President John F. Kennedy who said, "In a time of turbulence and
Alford BR. Concerns of the Clinical Scientist. Arch Otolaryngol. 1982;108(10):624–627. doi:10.1001/archotol.1982.00790580018007
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