Collaborative research can be defined as investigation employing the knowledge and skills of more than one scientist. Collaborative research is all research that is not an investigation by a single scientist working conceptually alone. It is readily apparent that the vast majority of modern research is collaborative by this definition.
The fact that most research is collaborative relates to the problems and approaches of current scientific inquiry. It is difficult to conceive of a scientific question that someone has not tried to solve by an individual effort. Much of the ground that can be turned with individual effort has already been plowed and even harrowed. Much valuable, new information can be obtained from individual research, but much of the kind of information that can be obtained from that type of effort has been obtained with the techniques that are currently available. New progress in individual research is largely dependent
Snow JB. Collaborative Research. Arch Otolaryngol. 1982;108(10):644–646. doi:10.1001/archotol.1982.00790580038013