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February 1984

Thyroid Cancer in Children and Teenagers

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Head and Neck Surgery (Drs Goepfert and Dichtel) and the Section of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine (Dr Samaan), The University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, Houston.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1984;110(2):72-75. doi:10.1001/archotol.1984.00800280006003

• A study of thyroid cancer in patients younger than 20 years showed most tumors to be of the differentiated type. Histological types were pure papillary adenocarcinoma (9.5%), mixed papillary and follicular adenocarcinoma (77%), pure follicular adenocarcinoma (2.7%), and medullary carcinoma (10.8%). Of the patients with differentiated carcinoma, 84% had palpable cervical lymphadenopathy and 11% had pulmonary metastasis on admission. Patients with differentiated carcinoma were followed up for a mean of 15.4 years, and patients with medullary carcinoma for a mean of 7.3 years. No patient died as a result of papillary or follicular carcinoma, but two (25%) died of medullary carcinoma. Permanent hypoparathyroidism was found in 17% of patients after total thyroidectomy.

(Arch Otolaryngol 1984;110:72-75)

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