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January 1985

Hearing Acuity of Children With Otitis Media With Effusion

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1985;111(1):10-16. doi:10.1001/archotol.1985.00800030044003

• Hearing levels are reported for a cohort of 222 infants (aged 7 to 24 months) and 540 older children (aged 2 to 12 years) with otitis media with effusion (OME). The infants had an average speech awareness threshold of 24.6 dB hearing level (HL). The older group had mean bone conduction thresholds less than 10 dB HL, and air conduction thresholds averaged 27 dB HL; however, acuity was 7 dB less impaired at 2,000 Hz. The mean three-frequency pure tone average and speech reception threshold were 24.5 and 22.7 dB, respectively. Hearing acuity was not significantly related to age or previous duration of OME. The otoscopic observation of an air-fluid level or bubbles was associated with less hearing impairment; however, a predictive relationship between hearing levels and tympanogram characteristics could not be demonstrated.

(Arch Otolaryngol 1985;111:10-16)

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