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March 1985

Reconstructive Options for Pharyngeal and/or Cervical Esophageal Defects

Arch Otolaryngol. 1985;111(3):193-197. doi:10.1001/archotol.1985.00800050087014

• Reconstruction of the pharynx and/or cervical esophagus continues to represent a formidable challenge for the head and neck oncologic surgeon. An analysis was made of 40 patients undergoing pharyngeal and/or esophageal reconstruction. The majority of these reconstructions were sometimes used in combination with skin grafts and even regional skin flaps. Those patients undergoing complete pharyngeal-esophageal reconstruction using a myocutaneous flap with soft Silastic stenting will be discussed as to the potential value of this technique. This article addresses the author's preference for particular reconstructive techniques (ie, skin graft v flap) as it relates to anatomic areas in the pharynx and esophagus. The study concludes that the myocutaneous flaps can be effectively and successfully used for the one-stage reconstruction of subtotal pharyngeal-esophageal defects. However, the reconstruction of total pharyngeal-esophageal defects continues to be a problem area, with only moderate success achieved with the techniques described.

(Arch Otolaryngol 1985;111:193-197)