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October 1985

Patterns of Use and Incidence of Smokeless Tobacco Consumption in School-age Children

Arch Otolaryngol. 1985;111(10):639-642. doi:10.1001/archotol.1985.00800120033002

• A sample of 5,392 students were surveyed using a 42-item, multiple-choice questionnaire from a population of 19,040 Texas school-age children. The geographic distribution was 70% urban and 30% rural, with a representative sampling of the various racial and ethnic groups within Texas. The results of the survey indicated that 486 (9%) of the students regularly used smokeless tobacco, 810 (15%) regularly smoked cigarettes, and 4,096 (76%) used no tobacco products. Further, 77% perceived cigarette smoking as very harmful, while only 40% perceived smokeless tobacco as very harmful. Age of initiating use indicated that 55% of smokeless tobacco users started before the age of 13 years, whereas only 36% of cigarette smokers began that early.

(Arch Otolaryngol 1985;111:639-642)