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August 1986

Acoustic Neurinoma Diagnostic Model Evaluation Using Decision Support Systems

Author Affiliations

From the School of Medicine (Mr Cohn), the Departments of Otolaryngology (Drs Le Liever and Quinn) and Preventive Medicine and Community Health (Dr Hokanson), and the Cancer Center (Dr Hokanson), University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1986;112(8):830-835. doi:10.1001/archotol.1986.03780080030006

• Three acoustic neurinoma (hereafter called acoustic neuroma) diagnostic models (Jenkins, Le Liever, Kaseff) were implemented as rule-based decision support systems and evaluated from the perspective of sensitivity, specificity, and US dollar cost, using a data base of 95 case histories suggestive of acoustic neuroma. The specificities of the models were equivalent (.97). The Jenkins model had the highest sensitivity (.96) and the highest average cost ($1470.99). The sensitivities and average costs of the Le Liever and Kaseff models were comparable (.84 vs.82, and $1092.38 vs $1114.17, respectively). We observed that omitting brain-stem evoked response and electronystagmography testing from the Le Liever model subjected four (4.2%) more patients without acoustic neuroma to aircontrast computed tomography, increased sensitivity to.89, and decreased the average cost to $774.75, without affecting specificity. We discuss the reasons for the slightly improved sensitivity and the impact of decision support systems on the clinician.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1986;112:830-835)