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December 1986

Actinomycosis in the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome-Related Complex

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Radiology (Drs Yeager and Bilaniuk), the Section of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine (Dr Hoxie), the Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Human Communication (Dr Weisman), and the Department of Dental Medicine (Dr Greenberg), Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1986;112(12):1293-1295. doi:10.1001/archotol.1986.03780120057011

• The first case, to our knowledge, of cervicofacial actinomycosis arising in a patient with evidence of infection by the human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type III, the causal agent of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, is reported. Clinical uncertainty often exists in cases of actinomycosis due to the relative rarity of the disease, a clinical presentation that is compatible with a host of neoplastic and other infectious disorders, and difficulty in obtaining absolute bacteriologic documentation. Computed tomography was of interest in this case, since the radiographic findings could be correlated with pathophysiologic changes characteristic of this uncommon infection.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1986;112:1293-1295)